Common Forms Of Tropical Storm And Hurricane Damages
Hurricanes cause extremely strong winds and very heavy rains. Hurricane winds often leave communities littered with shingles, power lines, trees, and street signs. The strength of a hurricane is numbered by the Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale, based the storm’s wind speed:
Category One: Wind gusts above 74 mph; strong enough to damage roofs, siding, and gutters. Large trees are likely to snap, and shallowly rooted trees may be uprooted. Power outages due to downed lines and poles are likely.
Category Two: Wind gusts above 96 mph; major roof and siding damage, many uprooted trees, and severely damaged power lines and poles.
Category Three: Wind gusts above 111 mph; extensive damage to homes, deeper-rooted trees uprooted, loss of electricity and water to homes and businesses.
Category Four: Wind gusts above 131 mph; most homes will lose roofs and even some exterior walls. Nearly all trees will be either snapped or uprooted. Power poles will fall and rescue work will become difficult.
Category Five: Wind gusts above 155 mph; there have been only three category five hurricanes to make landfall in the U.S. These storms have the power to completely destroy even the most well-built homes, level all trees, and turn any loose objects into deadly projectiles.
Hurricanes can drop several feet of rain in short periods of time, no matter which category they fall under. The resulting flooding can destroy vehicles, create water damage in homes, form cracks in the foundations of buildings, and pose the risk of drowning for people and pets.